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   23 October 2014
  
  
           
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 Westernhanger Castle, Westhanger Castle, Westernhanger Manor House, Westyngehangre, Kiriel CastleMinimize  
Fortified Manor - Westernhanger Castle, Westhanger Castle, Westernhanger Manor House, Westyngehangre, Kiriel Castle (viewed 0 times)
Longitude: 1.030944 - Latitude: 51.09443 - GridRef: TR 1233 3716
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County: Kent Tel: Email: www:

Medieval moated quadrangular castle, post Medieval bastion, fortified manor house. Scheduled Monument. Monument Number 463895. Grade I Listed Building.

*                                  Moat measured approximately 50ft wide. Rectangular and measuring

                                    200ft square with drum towers at three angles measuring 22ft in

                                    diameter, the fourth tower measuring 16ft square, a central courtyard

                                    measured 90ft square and the Great Hall measured 50ft by 32ft. Had

                                    a private chapel and the exterior courtyard held the stables, barn, mill

                                    and chapel dedicated to St. John.

1035                            Held by King Cnute.

1086                            On land possibly held by William de Eddisham (Addisham).

1189-1199                   During: Held by the Auberville family.

1272                            Held by William de Auberville.

1272-1461                   Held by the Criol family through the marriage of Joane Auberville to

                                    Nicholas Criol.

1343                            c: Built. Curtain wall, bastion, moat, when a licence to crenellate was

                                    granted to Sir John de Criol. Possibly a defended Hall or Palace with

                                    a moat and pallisade were improved upon.

1346                            Sir John Criol obtained a licence for a chantry.

1379                            Held by Sir Nicholas de Criol, who died.

1381                            Attacked by Sir John Cornwall.

1461                            Second Battle of St. Albans: Held by Sir Thomas Criol (Keriel) who

                                    died in the Battle fighting for York. He left two daughters and when

                                    his lands were divided between them, Westernhanger went to Alice,

                                    who was married to John Fogge.

1461-1490                   Held by Sir Thomas Fogge.

1490                            Sir Thomas Fogge, son of Alice and John Fogge, sold his interest in

                                    the lands to Sir John Fogge.

1490-1509                   Held by John Fogge.

*                                  Sir John Fogge sold it to Sir Edward Poynings.

1509-1523                   Held by Sir Edward Poynings.

1521                            Sir Edward Poynings died, without legitimate issue, however, he

                                     had three illegitimate sons, who died in his lifetime, leaving four

                                    illegitimate daughters.

1523-1547                   Held by Henry VIII.

1547                            Edward VI granted it to John Dudley, Earl of Warwick.

1547-1553                   Held by Edward VI.

1549                            John Dudley returned it to Edward VI in exchange for other lands.

1550                            Edward VI granted it to Edward Fynes, Lord Clinton.

*                                  Edward Fynes, Lord Clinton sold it to Richard Sackville, Esq.

1553-1558                   Held by Queen Mary.

1565                            Richard Sackville died and it went to the Crown.

1573                            Elizabeth I stayed at the castle, which was being looked after by

                                    Thomas, Lord Buckhurst, son of Richard Sackville.

1585                            Elizabeth I granted it to Thomas Smythe, Esq. He repaired and

                                    improved the castle which had previously been damaged by fire.

1585-1591                   Held by Thomas Smythe.

1591                            Thomas Smythe, Esq. died and his son, Sir John Smythe, inherited.

1591-1701                   Held by the Smythe family.

16th C                          Farmhouse. Barn.

1609                            Sir John Smythe died and his son, John, inherited.

1628                            John Smythe was created Viscount Strongford.

*                                  John Smythe, Viscount Strongford, and his son, Philip, Viscount

                                    Strongford, sold it to Trustees.

1682                            c: The Trustees sold it to Finch for £1,000.

1701                            Held by Finch.

1701                            Finch demolished ⅔ of the house and the chapel, and sold it to

                                    Justinian Champnies, Esq. who built a small house on the site of

                                    the mostly demolished buildings, with the old materials.

1748                            Justinian Champnies died and his son, Justinian (2), inherited.

1754                            Justinian Champnies (2) died and left it to Henry, his younger

                                    brother.

1781                            Henry died and his great nephew William-Henry Burt, inherited.

1799                            Held by William-Henry Burt.

18th C                          Late: Two storey brick built house built on the site.

1839-1883                   Held by the Smythe family.

1898-1996                   Held by Folkestone Racecourse.

1962                            Field Investigation.

1969                            Field Investigation.

1996                            Held by the Forge family.

1998                            Architectural Survey by B. Martin, D. Martin, Archaeology South

                                    East.

1999                            Evaluated by C. Johnson, Archaeology South East.

2002                            Scheduled.

 

   
  
  
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