|Fortified Manor - Westernhanger Castle, Westhanger Castle, Westernhanger Manor House, Westyngehangre, Kiriel Castle (viewed 0 times)|
Longitude: 1.030944 - Latitude: 51.09443 - GridRef: TR 1233 3716
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Medieval moated quadrangular castle, post Medieval bastion, fortified manor house.
Monument Number 463895.
Grade I Listed Building.
* Moat measured
approximately 50ft wide. Rectangular and measuring
with drum towers at three angles measuring 22ft in
the fourth tower measuring 16ft square, a central courtyard
90ft square and the Great Hall measured 50ft by 32ft. Had
chapel and the exterior courtyard held the stables, barn, mill
dedicated to St. John.
1035 Held by King Cnute.
1086 On land possibly
held by William de Eddisham (Addisham).
1189-1199 During: Held by the
1272 Held by William de
1272-1461 Held by the Criol family
through the marriage of Joane Auberville to
1343 c: Built. Curtain
wall, bastion, moat, when a licence to crenellate was
Sir John de Criol. Possibly a defended Hall or Palace with
a moat and
pallisade were improved upon.
1346 Sir John Criol
obtained a licence for a chantry.
1379 Held by Sir Nicholas
de Criol, who died.
1381 Attacked by Sir John
1461 Second Battle of St.
Albans: Held by Sir Thomas Criol (Keriel) who
died in the
Battle fighting for York. He left two daughters and when
were divided between them, Westernhanger went to Alice,
married to John Fogge.
1461-1490 Held by Sir Thomas Fogge.
1490 Sir Thomas Fogge,
son of Alice and John Fogge, sold his interest in
the lands to
Sir John Fogge.
1490-1509 Held by John Fogge.
* Sir John
Fogge sold it to Sir Edward Poynings.
1509-1523 Held by Sir Edward Poynings.
1521 Sir Edward Poynings
died, without legitimate issue, however, he
had three illegitimate sons, who died in his
lifetime, leaving four
1523-1547 Held by Henry VIII.
1547 Edward VI granted it
to John Dudley, Earl of Warwick.
1547-1553 Held by Edward VI.
1549 John Dudley returned
it to Edward VI in exchange for other lands.
1550 Edward VI granted it
to Edward Fynes, Lord Clinton.
* Edward Fynes,
Lord Clinton sold it to Richard Sackville, Esq.
1553-1558 Held by Queen Mary.
1565 Richard Sackville
died and it went to the Crown.
1573 Elizabeth I stayed
at the castle, which was being looked after by
Buckhurst, son of Richard Sackville.
1585 Elizabeth I granted
it to Thomas Smythe, Esq. He repaired and
castle which had previously been damaged by fire.
1585-1591 Held by Thomas Smythe.
1591 Thomas Smythe, Esq.
died and his son, Sir John Smythe, inherited.
1591-1701 Held by the Smythe family.
1609 Sir John Smythe died
and his son, John, inherited.
1628 John Smythe was
created Viscount Strongford.
* John Smythe,
Viscount Strongford, and his son, Philip, Viscount
sold it to Trustees.
1682 c: The Trustees sold
it to Finch for £1,000.
1701 Held by Finch.
1701 Finch demolished ⅔
of the house and the chapel, and sold it to
Champnies, Esq. who built a small house on the site of
demolished buildings, with the old materials.
1748 Justinian Champnies
died and his son, Justinian (2), inherited.
1754 Justinian Champnies
(2) died and left it to Henry, his younger
1781 Henry died and his
great nephew William-Henry Burt, inherited.
1799 Held by
C Late: Two
storey brick built house built on the site.
1839-1883 Held by the Smythe family.
1898-1996 Held by Folkestone
1962 Field Investigation.
1969 Field Investigation.
1996 Held by the Forge
1998 Architectural Survey
by B. Martin, D. Martin, Archaeology South
1999 Evaluated by C.
Johnson, Archaeology South East.